5 Essential Elements For red brand canners hbr case solution



The nursing bottle pictured for the fast left lying on its side is standard of on the list of more popular nursing bottle styles of which there were lots of hundreds of different versions manufactured throughout the last 50 % of the 19th century into the middle of the 2nd decade from the 20th century.  Most date from concerning 1870 to 1910.  These are often called "turtle" nursing bottles by collectors; a "standing turtle" whenever they stood upright (Ostrander 1984).  These types usually held 8 ounces (occasionally around sixteen oz.

Although the "frequent sense" milk bottle was employed Pretty much solely for milk and milk solutions, the type was adapted for any number of other foods items (there are generally exceptions!).  The image to the ideal is of a pint sized milk bottle which was useful for GOLDEN TREE / PURE / CANE SYRUP (embossed over the reverse) by the NEW ENGLAND /MAPLE SYRUP / Firm / BOSTON (embossed on front as demonstrated inside the image) displaying a little range in the usage of this bottle form which can be otherwise very carefully connected with milk goods.  Click  reverse watch to perspective the reverse embossing.  This design and style bottle was also used for honey as evidenced because of the quart bottle pictured at the next hyperlinks: honey milk bottle; shut-up on the embossing.

  Relationship summary/notes: Specified the vast span of generation, the courting of the large course of ketchup/sauce bottles can not be finished based upon form on your own.  Instead, it have to be done based on manufacturing based diagnostic features and/or through exploration in the historic history when probable in the event the bottle has both the first labels or is item and/or organization embossed.

The quart, utilized groove ring wax seal canning jar pictured to the right (finish close-up beneath remaining) is embossed with SAN FRANCISCO / GLASS Will work.  This jar was also blown in the publish-base mould, is rather crude ("whittled" uneven bubbly glass), and lacks any proof of mildew air venting.  This glass company operated less than this title from 1869 to 1876, Even though the jars from this mold had been also most likely generated as late as the early 1880s because of the successor to that company - the San Francisco & Pacific Glass Operates (Toulouse 1971; Creswick 1987; Hinson 1995).  A single exciting aspect concerning this unique quart jar is that the mould employed to make it was also useful for an earlier in addition to a afterwards jar - both of those with different embossing, Whilst this mold was not created for an interchangeable embossing plate.  How did this transpire?  An in depth inspection in the pictured jar exhibits that there's the faint perception of the arched blank filler plate included region just higher than the SAN FRANCISCO embossing.  The 1st or original jar made using this type of mould was embossed Within this now included arch with Chopping.AND.CO for the Reducing Packing Organization (Zumwalt 1980).  This jar was certainly blown for the Pacific Glass Is effective (San Francisco, CA.) who were in organization from 1862 to 1876, and not from the short lived Baker & Chopping bottle factory (also in San Francisco and the exact same Francis Chopping as being the noted packing concern and the main glass manufacturing facility within the American West) in business enterprise 1858-1859 (Zumwalt 1980).

Although not automatically the "to start with" milk bottle, the most successful and well known of your earliest bottles were being the Thatcher "Milk Protector" bottles with the embossed person milking a cow, reportedly released first in 1884 (Rawlinson 1970; Tutton 1989).  An example of a late 19th century mouth-blown pint sized Thatcher bottle is pictured to the right.  (Pictures courtesy of American Bottle Auctions.)  The term "Milk Protector" was originally placed on a lined milking pail patented by Thatcher in 1883 (the "Thatcher Milk Protector") although the name was applied to the bottle also since "Milk Protector" is boldly embossed in the direction of the heel as the near-up picture demonstrates (Gallagher & Munsey 1969).

  The Bertrand mustards have been a tiny bit abnormal in they had 4 intently stacked rings instead of 3 spaced ones, even though the rings ended up in the same old positions earlier mentioned and below the open up label space (Switzer 1974).

The moderately extensive mouth quart+ bottle/jar pointed out before - and pictured to the above mentioned still left - is labeled (no overall body embossing) as owning been employed for "Crown Brand Queen Olives" via the S. S. Pierce Co. of Boston, MA.  This was a large Boston dependent meals packing firm (of which there have been several) that was proven like a corner food market in 1831 and quickly blossomed to "Importers and Grocers" developing and importing scores of solutions; they had been nonetheless in enterprise as late as 1980 (Zumwalt 1980).  This design and style was known as an "English chow," "English pickle," or "chow chow" by bottle makers though was certainly useful for other foods (Illinois Glass Co. 1906; Kearns-Gorsuch Bottle Co. 1916).  This distinct jar has an utilized, one particular-section "vast packer" (or "broad patent") finish, was blown in a very article-bottom mould, and has one shoulder air venting marks on each side.  Larger sized bottles like this ended up designed with these diagnostic attributes (the applied finish & post-base mildew conformation) into your 1890s or perhaps early 1900s (especially In case the jar was imported) which was much later on than other more compact, narrower bore bottles.

Lea & Perrins® bottles are quite probably the most commonly identified embossed bottle on mid-nineteenth to early twentieth century historic internet sites.  The author has observed them during the trash dumps ranging from the fanciest large city lodges to isolated sheep camps in the Great Basin.  They arrived in not less than a few measurements - half pint (likely the commonest dimension), pint, and quart although the two bigger sizes at the very least ended up most likely "scant" measurements, i.

Victory half gallon jar - That is an example of a mouth-blown 50 percent gallon jar by using a sort of "enhanced Mason" complete.   It is actually embossed with PACIFIC / SAN FRANCISCO / GLASS Function (no "S" at the tip; impression for the quick ideal) on a person facet and PATD FEBY ninth 1864 / VICTORY / 1 / REISD JUNE 22D 1867 over the reverse.  It has a floor glass rim, foundation blown inside of a post-bottom mould, and it is pretty crude with no proof of mold air venting which aided right here lead into the very flattened embossing (that is not easy to photograph).  Click close-up in the externally threaded finish to find out these (with no glass lid/screw band) Along with the sealing surface area identified.

Throughout the period of about 1910 to 1915, the shoulder seal style Mason jars were mainly phased out and changed by constant external screw thread jars which have been designed that has a ledge ("bead") among the threads and the shoulder which grew to become the sealing surface area, not the shoulder alone.  These jars are generally known as "bead seal" jars instead of the earlier "shoulder seal" jars (Roller 1983).  The good thing about this layout was the elimination in the weak abrupt angle at the shoulder resulting in a far more sturdy "strong shoulder" jar; breakage within the angular shoulder being a dilemma With all the shoulder seal Mason jars (Toulouse 1969a, 1971).

This design to start with appears to have appeared like a late mouth-blown product Though machine-produced illustrations are a lot more usually encountered and likely initially transpired around 1905.  This large mouth model is a sort most very easily adapted to the new semi-computerized machines that were getting more and more common inside the early 1900s (Illinois Glass Co. 1903, 1906).  The footed olive seems to have ongoing into at the least the early 1930s, although seem to be uncommon after that time as other more straight, uninterrupted sided (without any shoulder constriction ridge) types became much more well-known (Fairmount Glass ca. 1930; Lucas County Bottle Co. ca. forties).  The pictured instance is equipment-manufactured and has a slight "straw" tint indicating that selenium and/or arsenic was made use of because the glass decolorizer.

The absence of the ejection/valve mark on The bottom being an ejection rod or valve was not vital about the Owens machine Considering that the parison mildew was of (not less than) two pieces and will swing open up allowing for that mechanical shifting of the parison to the blow mildew by means of the neck ring mould; Vertical side mold seams that move forward all of the way throughout the finish to the very best surface area (rim) on the finish; and

Square: The gothic peppersauce bottle pictured during the upper left corner of this area is usually a square gothic sauce courting through the 1850s to mid-1860s time period depending on diagnostic capabilities together with an enhanced or iron pontil mark on the base along with a critical mold foundation conformation.  This example is normal of the look well-liked in the course of the 1850 via 1880 interval.  Click foundation look at to see an image of the bottles foundation demonstrating the incredibly distinctive iron or improved pontil scar.  The picture to the right is of somewhat later on version of a sq. gothic pepper sauce (ca. 1880 to 1885 depending on the context of where excavated) that has a crudely used double ring complete (The everyday complete on most gothic sauces), publish-base mildew conformation, no proof of the pontil scar nor of any mold air venting.

Some mouth-blown bottles may perhaps have been generated as late since the nineteen twenties or 1930s, while this has not been confirmed and is taken into account not likely (Lunn 1981; Rock 2001; empirical observations).

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